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Original Research Article | OPEN ACCESS

Histopathological pattern of urologic malignancies in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital: a retrospective review

Ehiremhen Ozah1 , Victor Valentine Ideiyenmin2, Clifford Ikhuoria Owobu2

1Department of Surgery, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital,Irrua , Edo State, Nigeria; 2Department of Anatomic Pathology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria.

For correspondence:-  Ehiremhen Ozah   Email:  e.ozah@yahoo.com   Tel:  +2348032383113

Published: 04 September 2021

Citation: Ozah E, Ideiyenmin VV, Owobu CI. Histopathological pattern of urologic malignancies in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital: a retrospective review. Trop J Med Dent Pract 2021; 2(3):55-59 doi: 10.47227/tjmdp.v2i3.2

© 2021 The author(s).
This is an Open Access article that uses a funding model which does not charge readers or their institutions for access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read), which permit unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited..


Introduction: Cancers constitute a major health challenge globally with urologic malignancies accounting for a major proportion of malignancies. The pattern and distribution of urologic cancers varies between regions of the world and even in countries there is variation amongst ethnic nationalities, this sis influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern and frequency of distribution of urologic malignancies in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua , Edo State.
Methods: This was a 10 year retrospective descriptive study from January, 2011 to December, 2020 of all histologically diagnosed urologic cancers in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital. Data were retrieved from the surgical unit of anatomic pathology. Patients demographics, organ site of tumor and histologic diagnoses were analysed.
Results: A total of 450 urologic malignancies were included over the 10 year period, comprising 440 males (98.9%) and 5 females (1.1%). The peak age of urologic malignancies in the study was in the 7th decade of life. Prostate cancer constituted the commonest urologic malignancy, 419 cases (94.2%), kidneys 14 (3.1%), testis 6 (1.3%), scrotum 4 (0.9%), bladder and penis 1 each (0.2%).
Conclusion: Urologic malignancies are common with predominance of cancers affecting males. Prostate cancers are the commonest urologic malignancies in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital. Histologically diagnosed bladder tumors are rare in Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, this trend may change in future studies with availability of diagnostic tool.

Keywords: Bladder tumors, Cancer of the prostate, Histopathology, Renal cell carcinoma, Urologic malignancy

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